The tomato is believed to have been first cultivated by in ancient Peru, where several wild species of green tomatoes still grow. Then about three thousand years ago it was brought to Mexico. It is an offshot of the Mexican lineage L. esculentum cerasiforme which is thought to be the direct ancestor of the modern tomato. The pottery of ancient Peruvian city-states do not appear to mention the tomato, this has led some botonists to conclude that the cultivation of the tomato was done in Mexico.
Botanically a berry, the tomato is generally thought of and used as a vegetable: it's more likely to be part of a sauce or a salad than eaten whole as a snack, let alone as part of a dessert (though, depending on the variety, they can be quite sweet, especially roasted).
Tomatoes are used extensively in most Mediterranean cuisines, especially Italian ones. The tomato has an acidic property that is used to bring out other flavors. This same acidity makes tomatoes especially easy to preserve in home canning as tomato sauce or paste. Unripe green tomatoes can also be used to make salsa, or they can be batter-dipped and fried.
Red tomato Nutrition Facts: Calories, Carbs, and Health BenefitsTweet
Red tomato is about 94.52% water, 3.89% carbohydrates (including 2.63% sugar and 1.2% dietary fiber), 0.88% protein, and 0.2% fat. If you consume one medium red tomato it will provide you with 4.785 grams of carbohydrates. That translates to 3.68 percent of the 130 grams of carbohydrates people should include in their daily diet, according to the Institute of Medicine (US). That same in a 100 gram amount, red tomato supplies 18 calories and provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) having a moderate percentage (18.27%) of the Daily Value. So if you have red tomatoes in your diet, it helps your body to absorb iron from food and defend itself more naturally since vitamin C is an antioxidant, reduce probability of heart disease by fighting cholesterol, improve the efficiency of lymphocytes (or white blood cells) to heal wounds and it is effective against gout (a type of arthritis) attacks by reducing blood uric acid levelsdementia since vitamin C impacts memory positivelythe occurrence of cancer. It contains low amount of minerals.