Bottle gourd

Bottle gourd

The bottle gourd (or calabash) was one of the first cultivated plants in the world, grown not primarily for food, but for use as a water container. The bottle gourd may have been carried from Africa to Asia, Europe and the Americas in the course of human migration. It shares its common name with that of the calabash tree.

The word comes from the Spanish calabaza, possibly from Arabic qar'a yabisa "dry gourd", from Persian kharabuz, used of various large melons; or from a pre-Roman Iberian calapaccia.

Like other members of the Cucurbitaceae family, calabashes contain cucurbitacins that are known to be cytotoxic. The tetracyclic triterpenoid cucurbitacins present in fruits and vegetables of the cucumber family, are responsible for the bitter taste, and can cause ulcers in the stomach. In extreme cases, people have died from drinking calabash juice.

Bottle gourd Nutrition Facts: Calories, Carbs, and Health Benefits

Bottle gourd is 95.54% water, 3.39% carbohydrates, 0.62% protein, 0.5% dietary fiber, 0.43% ash and 0.02% fat. If you consume one bottle gourd you will get 26.137 grams of carbohydrates. It is equal to 20.11 percent of the 130 grams of carbohydrates you should include in your daily diet. That same it has an energy value of 59 kJ (14 Calories) in a 100 g (3.5 Oz) amount and provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) having a modest percentage (13.47%) of the Daily Value. So if your diet contains bottle gourds, it helps your body to absorb iron from food and defend itself more naturally since vitamin C is an antioxidant, reduce the risk of anemia as this vitamin absorbs iron, improve the efficiency of lymphocytes (or white blood cells) to heal wounds and it is effective against gout (a type of arthritis) attacks by reducing blood uric acid levels, high blood pressure and the occurrence of cancer. It contains low amount of minerals.