The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus). It is one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a total population of more than 19 billion as of 2011. There are more chickens in the world than any other bird or domesticated fowl. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food (consuming both their meat and eggs) and, less commonly, as pets. Originally raised for cockfighting or for special ceremonies, chickens were not kept for food until the Hellenistic period (4th–2nd centuries BC).
Genetic studies have pointed to multiple maternal origins in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia, but with the clade found in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa originating in the Indian subcontinent. From ancient India, the domesticated chicken spread to Lydia in western Asia Minor, and to Greece by the 5th century BC. Fowl had been known in Egypt since the mid-15th century BC, with the "bird that gives birth every day" having come to Egypt from the land between Syria and Shinar, Babylonia, according to the annals of Thutmose III.
Chicken Nutrition Facts: Calories, Carbs, and Health BenefitsTweet
The composition of chicken is 66.34% water, 0.13% carbohydrates, 18.33% protein, 0% dietary fiber, and 14.83% fat. If you consume one ounce of chicken it will provide you with 5.197 grams of protein. That translates to 11.3 percent of the 46 grams of protein women should include in their daily diet and 9.28 percent of the 56 grams men need on a daily basis. That same in an amount measuring 100 grams (3.5 Oz), chicken provides 891 kilojoules (213 kilocalories) of energy and has a high content of Vitamin B3 (niacin), Vitamin B12 (cobalamin), and Vitamin A (total, RAE), containing 47.42%, 46.25%, and 33.14%, respectively, of the Daily Value (DV) per 100-gram amount (right table of USDA nutrient values). This means that if you add chicken in your diet it will help your body to improve functionality of the brain, ease arthritis pain to some extent, overcome some heart diseases and will be effective against certain types of schizophreniaweakness in body and lack of energyfurther brain deterioration after Alzheimer’s disease. With this it contains a large amount of Selenium and Phosphorus attaining 21.45% and 21.29% of the Daily Value in a 100 g (3.5 Oz), respectively.